Léon Krier

Architect and Urban Planner

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS


Books

Rational - Architecture - Rationnelle, Archives d'Architecture Moderne, Brussels, 1978. (Bilingual French/English text).

Léon Krier: Drawings, Archives d'Architecture Moderne, Brussels, 1980. Introduction by Maurice Culot.

Houses, Palaces, Cities, Demetri Porphyrios, editor, Academy Publications, London, 1984. Published as the July/August issue of Architectural Design, volume 54 (1984).

Albert Speer: Architecture 1932-1942, Archives d'Architecture Moderne, Brussels, 1985. (Bilingual French/English text). New Edition, Monacelli Press, New York, 2013.

Architecture and Urban Design 1967-1992, Richard Economakis, editor, Academy Publications, London, 1992.

Architecture: Choice or Fate, Andreas Papadakis Publisher, Windsor, England, 1998. Published in Czech, English, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, and Spanish. Winner of the Silver Medal of the Académie Française. Expanded American Edition re-titled The Architecture of Community, Island Press, Washington, DC, 2009.

Drawing for Architecture (Writing Architecture), MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachussets, 2009.


Articles and book chapters

[Together, these can serve as an online textbook of Léon Krier's work that complements "Architecture: Choice or Fate". In preparing a definitive online version of each article, different versions have been combined. I have kept the powerful first version and added new sections from subsequent versions -- NAS]

The City Within the City, A + U, Tokyo, Special Issue, November 1977, pages 69-152. Reprinted in Architectural Design, volume 54 (1984), Jul/Aug pages 70-105. Also in Léon Krier: Houses, Palaces, Cities, Demetri Porphyrios, editor, Academy Publications, London, 1984.
A large or small city can only be organized as a collection of autonomous urban quarters. The dimensions of a quarter are determined by the comfortable reach of a walking person.

The Reconstruction of the European City, published in: Léon Krier: Drawings, Archives d'Architecture Moderne, Brussels, 1980, pages xxv-xxxi. Revised version in Architectural Design, volume 54 (1984), Nov/Dec pages 16-22.
All industrial states, independently of their ideology, have imposed functional zoning on cities and countryside with equal brutality and pseudoscientific arguments, against the resistance of urban and rural populations.

Carta per la Ricostruzione della Città Europea, versione Italiana di "The Reconstruction of the European City". Il Covile (2002), circa 6 pagine.

How Industrial Society Destroys Culture, published as "The Reconstruction of the European City" in RIBA Transactions, volume 1, number 2 (1982), pages 36-44.
Industrial society, like no other, is a society of human beings, a society which is obsessed with work, and yet the result of its work is but trivia and destruction.

The Suppression of Classical Architecture in Postwar Germany, extracts from "Krier on Speer", Architectural Review, volume 173 (1983), pages 33-38. Earlier version of "Krier on Speer" published as "Vorwarts, Kameraden, Wir Mussen Zuruck", in Oppositions, volume 24 (1981), Spring; reprinted in "Oppositions Reader", Edited by K. M. Hays, Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 1998, pages 401-411.
Postwar Germany destroyed its cities in a misguided attempt at erasing the memory of the Third Reich. The rejection of Classical architecture after the Second World War was based on a series of errors and losses of memory.

ARCHITECTURA PATRIAE; or The Destruction of Germany's Architectural Heritage, Architectural Design, volume 54 (1984), Jul/Aug pages 101-102. Also in Léon Krier: Houses, Palaces, Cities, Demetri Porphyrios, editor, Academy Publications, London, 1984.
Sixty percent of German buildings survived the Second World War, but less than fifteen percent survived the industrial plans of the postwar years.

Urban Components, Architectural Design, volume 54 (1984), Jul/Aug pages 43-49. Also in Léon Krier: Houses, Palaces, Cities, Demetri Porphyrios, editor, Academy Publications, London, 1984.
The social and cultural complexity of a city has to do with its physical and structural complexity. We deduce the sizes of urban blocks that are more apt to form a complex urban pattern.

Tradition -- Modernity -- Modernism: some necessary explanations, Architectural Design, volume 57 (1987), Jan/Feb pages 38-43. Revised portions included in "Eisenman versus Krier", Architectural Design, volume 59 (1989), Sep/Oct pages 7-18.
In a statement prepared for the Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Architectural Institute, Krier outlines the contrasting forces driving tradition and modernism, while carefully distinguishing the modernist movement from modernity.

God Save the Prince, Modern Painters (London), No. 2 (1988), pages 23-25. Reprinted in Archives d'Architecture Moderne, volume 38 (1988), pages 12-21. Reprinted in Charles Jencks, "The Prince, the Architects, and New Wave Monarchy", Rizzoli, New York, 1988, pages 50-51.
A defense of Prince Charles against the reactions of British architects. Krier talks about the restoration of the Paternoster neighborhood, next to Saint Paul's in the City of London and, backed by figures, demonstrates the accuracy of the Prince's assertions.

Building Heights, and Critical Problems of Plot-Ratios, two sections from Architecture: Choice or Fate, Andreas Papadakis Publisher, Windsor, England, 1998, pages 156-161.
The most beautiful and pleasant cities which survive today have all been conceived with buildings of between two and five floors.

Contemporary Perspectives, published in: "Building Cities", Edited by Norman Crowe, Richard Economakis, and Michael Lykoudis, Artmedia Press, London, 1999, pages 40-41.
There exist universal principles for building good cities and villages. They transcend ages, climates, and culture. It is not history and age, but structure and ideas that confer quality to an urban context.

Planning for Humanity, Open Democracy (August 2001), approximately 3 pages.
A defense of New Urbanism in the face of its distortion by critics. Proposes solutions to building in regions like England where land prices are excessively high.

European Culture in the 21st Century, European Parliament, Directorate-General for Research, Document EDUC 107 EN Part 2 (2001), pages 31-33.
The ideology of modernism, which has devastated cities, landscapes and minds for half a century, continues to dominate the cultural policies of all European countries.

The Future Of Cities: The Absurdity of Modernism -- Nikos Salingaros interviews Léon Krier, PLANetizen (November 2001), approximately 10 pages. Reprinted in: Urban Land, volume 61 (2002), January pages 12-15. Reprinted in: Archimagazine (February 2002), approximately 9 pages.
A discussion on the future of cities after the September 11 tragedy. The most beautiful cities which survive in the world today have all been conceived with buildings of between two and five floors -- the era of the utilitarian skyscraper is at an end.

Il futuro delle città: l'assurdità del modernismo -- Nikos Salingaros intervista Léon Krier, traduzione Italiana di "The Future of Cities: The Absurdity of Modernism". Archimagazine <www.archimagazine.com> (Febbraio 2002), circa 9 pagine. Repubblicata in Il Covile (Luglio 2002).

Building Civil Cities, discussion with Michael Carey, Editor-in-Chief of Traditional Building Magazine (2005).

Leon Krier interviewed by Jeffrey Inaba and Justin Fowler, Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture C-LAB (2011), (original posting).

Open Letter to Joseph Ryckwert, June 2013.

The Fear of Backwardness, Future Symphony Institute (2014).

The Craftsman in an Industrialised Age, Future Symphony Institute (reprinting of a 1985 article).

On Sustainable Urbanism and the Legible City, Architectural Review, 27 February 2014.

An alternate site for London Symphony's new hall, and a long due act of redemption, Future Symphony Institute, February 2016.

Paris brûle, draft of essay published with different title, and illustrations on BDOnline, November 2016.

The Fate of Metropolitan Development, draft of essay published with different title, and illustrations on BDOnline, January 2017.

On Wolf Meyer-Christian and the Ungers High-Noon at the Berlin Polytechnic 1964-66 -- A German Tragedy (in English and Spanish, with illustrations), DPA, Issue 18 (2017) pages 12-25.


Articles on Léon Krier

Review of Léon Krier's Architecture: Choice or Fate, James Howard Kunstler, The American Enterprise, 1998.

Review of Léon Krier's Architecture: Choice or Fate, Ray Sawhill, Salon Magazine, 1998.

Sir Roger Scruton, Cities for Living, City Journal, Spring 2008.

Prathima Manohar, Human civilization has systemic problems, The Urban Vision, May 2010.

Howard Blackson, (Public) Space: The final frontier, PlaceShakers, March 2012.

Steve Mouzon, Uninhabitable High-rises, Original Green, May 2012.

Colin Marrs, Krier: 'Most competitions are run by Modernist juries', The Architects' Journal, February 2016.

Patrick Lynch, Spotlight: Léon Krier, ArchDaily, April 2017.

 


Online resources on Krier

Facebook page on Léon Krier, maintained by others.

ArchINFORM lists some of Léon Krier's publications.

 


Krier Webpage | Biographical Information