Nikos A. Salingaros: BOOKS ON ARCHITECTURE, COMPLEXITY, PATTERNS, AND URBANISM

Part I published books, II books in preparation, III book chapters, IV books in Italian.

PART I: PUBLISHED BOOKS LISTED ALPHABETICALLY BY TITLE

 

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ALGORITHMIC SUSTAINABLE DESIGN: TWELVE LECTURES ON ARCHITECTURE. LECTURE NOTES TO ACCOMPANY THE FREE VIDEO COURSE ONLINE (2010, 2014: 256 pages). New US Edition OfftheCommonBooks/Sustasis Press [buy from Amazon]; International Edition Vajra Publications [buy in India]. EBook from Amazon [Australia -- Brazil -- Canada -- France (English text) -- Germany (English text) -- Holland -- India -- Italy (English Text) -- Japan -- Mexico -- Spain (English text) -- UK -- USA]. Older printing at reduced price Umbau-Verlag/ISI Books [buy in Germany]. The original material covers cellular automata, codes, complexity, emergence, fractals, information, networks, organization, scaling, and symmetries in design. Algorithms linked to biological and human evolutionary development produce the greatest creations of humanity -- buildings, cities, artworks, and artifacts. Students from around the world can now re-establish adaptability and genuine sustainability in architecture.
Description by Oeyvind Holmstad HERE.

This book has its own webpage, where the notes and twelve one-hour video lectures are free online.

CHINESE: China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing, 2014. Buy from any online bookstore in China -- for example HERE or HERE.

PERSIAN: Payam Publishers, Teheran, 2015. Chapter 1 is available free online.

RUSSIAN: translation is ready and will soon be published.

 

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ANTI-ARCHITECTURE AND DECONSTRUCTION (2004, 2007, 2008, 4th Edition 2014: 248 pages). 4th US Edition OfftheCommonBooks/Sustasis Press [buy from Amazon], 4th International Edition Vajra Publications [buy in India]. EBook from Amazon [Australia -- Brazil -- Canada (English text) -- Canada (French text) -- France (English text) -- France (French text) -- Germany (English text) -- Germany (French text) -- Holland -- India -- Italy (English Text) -- Japan -- Mexico -- Spain (English text) -- Spain (French text) -- Spanish version -- UK -- USA (English text) -- USA (French text)]. The 3rd print Edition Umbau-Verlag/ISI Books is selling at half price. This work carefully refutes those who misuse science to promote their own agenda and ideology. The world is currently infatuated with architectural fashion that looks flashy, but which has devastated living architecture. Critics and theorists referring to an absurd philosophical foundation do not help matters. Topics include religion, cults, and "memes" (mind viruses), Jacques Derrida, Daniel Libeskind, Bernard Tschumi, and Christopher Alexander.

This book has its own webpage.

CHINESE: China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing (2010: 191 pages). Buy HERE, HERE, and HERE, and in the US HERE.

FRENCH: Anti-Architecture et Déconstruction, nouvelle édition française, Vajra Books, Kathmandu, Nepal (2017), disponible uniquement en ebook. Acheter en France ou Canada.

ITALIAN: Antiarchitettura e Demolizione, Libreria Editrice Fiorentina, Florence, Italy (2007: 226 pagine).

PERSIAN: Soroush Danesh Publications, Tehran (2014: 240 pages).

RUSSIAN: Armchair Scientist, Ekaterinburg, Russia (2017: 296 pages).

SPANISH: Antiarquitectura y deconstrucción, publicado simultaneamente por Mairea Libros Madrid y Diseño Editorial/Librería Técnica Buenos Aires -- y en versión electronica, (2014: 311 páginas). Opción de comprarlo en Chile (también aquí), Colombia, EE.UU., España (también aquí), México (también aquí) y Uruguay.
Reseña por Aurelio Vallespín. Reseña por Leonardo Tamargo Niebla. Reseña por Iago López.

 

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Biophilia and Healing Environments (2015: 44 pages) OfftheCommonBooks. Booklet is also available free online HERE. Contains the 10-part series of articles "Biophilia and Healing Environments" originally published in Metropolis, August–September 2015.

POLISH VERSION is being translated, to appear in 2017.

 

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DESIGN FOR A LIVING PLANET, co-authored with Michael W. Mehaffy (2015: 236 pages). US Edition OfftheCommonBooks/Sustasis Press [buy from Amazon]; International Edition Vajra Publications. EBook from Amazon [Australia -- Brazil -- Canada -- China -- France (English text) -- Germany (English text) -- Holland -- India -- Italy (English Text) -- Japan -- Mexico -- Spain (English text) -- UK -- USA], Barnes&Noble, FNAC (France), Google Play, iBooks, and Kobo. This book reveals the hidden links among biology, design, human culture, and sustainability. The intersection of biological forms and our own creations affects us as human beings living in an artificial world. Beyond mechanical efficiency, which environments actually keep us healthy or make us sick? We examine fascinating new topics of design, including Agile, Wiki, Design Patterns and other “open-source” approaches from the software world. Review by David Brussat, Architecture Here and There, 18 February 2015. Review by Stefano Serafini, Journal of Biourbanism, 15 January 2016.

This book has its own webpage.

CHINESE: 3-page description HERE.

GREEK: Chapter 1.

ITALIAN: Capitolo 1, Capitolo 2, Capitolo 3, Capitolo 4, Capitolo 5, Capitolo 17.

PORTUGUESE: Capítulo 1, Capítulo 2, Capítulo 8, Capítulo 17, Apêndice I.

SPANISH: Capítulo 2.

 

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Design Patterns and Living Architecture, Sustasis Press, Portland, Oregon (2017: 72 pages) booklet available from Levellers Press/Off The Common Books. EBook from Amazon [Australia, Brasil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Holland, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain, UK, USA], Barnes&Noble, FNAC, Google Play, iBooks, and Kobo. Contains the ten-part "Living structures should come from living patterns" Metropolis essays from 2015-2016, plus the article "Pattern Language and Interactive Design". The first 6 chapters are available together as a free download HERE, which can be completed by the chapters in Metropolis -- Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Chapter 9, and Chapter 10. Reworked and amplified from the earlier essays "Living Structure Comes From Patterns" Part 1, Part 2, e-Architect, August 2015.

This booklet has its own webpage.

 

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PRINCIPLES OF URBAN STRUCTURE (2005; 2014: 252 pages). New US printing OfftheCommonBooks/Sustasis Press [buy from Amazon]; European Edition Techne Press, Amsterdam, Holland; Asian Edition Vajra Publications. The unifying notion of the network city understands urban phenomena as components of a complex system, using concepts such as "fractal loading" and the brain-computer analogy. This book pioneered allometric scaling and power laws in urban morphology, a concept later taken up by other researchers. Explaining the role of fractals in establishing city networks, urban form links competing mechanisms in a complex city into a working whole. Professional urbanists, students, and government planners need to know why traditional cities are successful, based on evolved form, components, and complex substructure.

This book has its own webpage.

Online: Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Chapter 9, Chapter 10.

CHINESE: China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing, 2011. Buy HERE and HERE, and in the US HERE. Review by Alfred Ho, 8 March 2011, also HERE.

FRENCH: Chapitre 9.

GREEK: Chapter 1, Chapter 7 & Chapter 8.

ITALIAN: Chapter 4, Chapter 7, Chapter 8-part 1, Chapter 8-part 2 & Chapter 10.

PERSIAN: Translation by Kamilia Nahchyry (unpublished). Chapter 8 online. Two books of selected chapters are available in bookstores: Connecting the Fractal City, Arman Shahr, Tehran; and Principles of Urban Structure (not complete), Jahrom Azad University, Fars Province.

PORTUGUESE: Chapter 1, Chapter 2 & Chapter 9.

SPANISH: several chapters are published HERE.

 

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(A) THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE (2006: 278 pages; reprinted with Index 2014: 300 pages). New US Edition with Index OfftheCommonBooks/Sustasis Press [buy from Amazon]; New International Edition Vajra Publications [buy in India]. *Beware of unscrupulous vendors selling the older printing at outrageous prices! EBook from Amazon [Australia -- Brazil -- Canada -- France (English text) -- Germany (English text) -- Holland -- India -- Italy (English Text) -- Japan -- Mexico -- Spain (English text) -- UK -- USA]. An innovative approach to design using scientific concepts such as fractals, hierarchical scaling, complexity, and form languages. Darwinian processes evolve a design using adaptive selection criteria, but circumventing them leads to dysfunctional forms and spaces. Traditional architectures are validated for reasons having to do with human biology and neurological adaptation. This book is used by many architecture students to learn architectural theory as well as practical design methods. It initiated a new direction for building and design that breaks free from irrelevant images.

This book has its own webpage, and a Wikipedia entry.

Online: Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, "Geometrical Fundamentalism" Chapter 9, Chapter 10, Chapter 11, Chapter 12.

CHINESE: China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing, 2010. Buy HERE, HERE, HERE, and HERE.

FRENCH: Chapitre 3, Chapitre 12.

ITALIAN: Capitolo 1, Capitolo 9.

PERSIAN: Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, Center for Architectural and Urban Studies and Research, Tehran, 2008. Out-of-print for several years; now made available free online.

POLISH: Chapter 12.

SPANISH: Capítulo 1, Capítulo 4, Capítulo 9.

 

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UNIFIED ARCHITECTURAL THEORY: FORM, LANGUAGE, COMPLEXITY. A COMPANION TO CHRISTOPHER ALEXANDER'S "THE PHENOMENON OF LIFE -- THE NATURE OF ORDER, BOOK I" (2013: 300 pages). US Edition OfftheCommonBooks/Sustasis Press [buy from Amazon]; International Edition Vajra Publications [buy in India]. Download the FLYER. EBook from Amazon [Australia -- Brazil -- Canada -- France (English text) -- Germany (English text) -- Holland -- India -- Italy (English Text) -- Japan -- Mexico -- Spain (English text) -- UK -- USA], Barnes&Noble, FNAC (France), Google Play, iBooks, and Kobo. What theory generates the architecture of a new, sustainable built environment that saves us from environmental collapse? Here is a synthesis that makes sense of buildings from all ages: historical, vernacular, to cutting-edge architectural creations. This book cuts through the often-incomprehensible fog of contemporary architectural discourse to reveal sound theoretical foundations for design. By introducing scientific thinking into architecture, one can actually estimate simple numerical factors that contribute to the adaptive and emotional success of a building.

This book has its own webpage, where chapters in various languages are published free online.

Featured Book in World Architecture Community, 11 August 2014. Review by Michael Wacht, IntuArch, 7 November 2014. Review by Farzad Pour Rahimian, ArchNet IJAR, Volume 11, Issue 3 (2017), pages 231-236. Review by Ray McClennan, Books of India, MOTILAL UK, 27 December 2017.

ARABIC: Twenty-Two Architectural Group (2017: 173 pages) -- those chapters published online by ArchDaily are translated together with additional notes. Published free on Archnet by the Aga Khan Foundation.

CHINESE: some chapters online HERE.

CZECH: Sjednocená teorie architektury: Forma, jazyk, komplexita, Barrister & Principal Publishing, Brno, Czech Republic (2017: 404 pages) (entire book). Chapters 25 and 28 Scaling and Fractals; Intelligence and the Information Environment (with Michael Mehaffy) published free online, Kontexty, 1/2017.

GERMAN: Arktos Books, Budapest (now being translated) (entire book).

NEPALI: Vajra Books, Kathmandu (2016: 365 pages) (entire book).

PORTUGUESE: Teoria Unificada da Arquitetura, translation is being published free online by ArchDaily Brasil HERE.

SPANISH: Forma, Lenguaje y Complejidad: Una Teoría Unificada de la Arquitectura, Ediciones Asimétricas, Madrid (2018: 238 pages). Some chapters are published free online HERE.
Reseña por Julia Sáez-Angulo, La Mirada Actual, y en El Mundo Global, 27 de Enero de 2018. Reseña en Plataforma Arquitectura, 2 de Febrero de 2018. Reseña de Guzmán Urrero, Thesauro Cultural, 11 de Marzo de 2018.

URDU: Laajverd, Rawalpindi, Pakistan (2016: 65 pages) -- those chapters published online by ArchDaily are translated together with additional notes. Published free on Archnet by the Aga Khan Foundation.

 

PART II: BOOKS IN PREPARATION, LISTED ALPHABETICALLY BY TITLE

 

ANSF

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ARCHITECTURE'S NEW SCIENTIFIC FOUNDATIONS, in progress. (Not yet available in final or printed form!) This book presents a new model for architecture and the teaching of architecture. Bringing together material from outside conventional architectural thinking establishes methods of innovative design and form-making. Truly adaptive architecture is based on the interaction between cognitive science, geometry, and human physiology. The book discusses biophilia, complexity, design patterns, and the golden mean.

Chapters already published online:

  1. "Complexity in Architecture and Design", Oz Journal, Volume 36, May 2014, pages 18-25.
  2. "Adaptive vs. Random Complexity" Part 1, May 2015, Part 2, September 2015, ArchNewsNow and Buildotech Magazine.
  3. "Applications of the Golden Mean to Architecture", Meandering Through Mathematics, 21 February 2012.
  4. "Why Monotonous Repetition is Unsatisfying", Meandering Through Mathematics, 2 September 2011.
  5. (may or may not be included) "The visceral experience of architecture: object affordance and our need to grasp our surroundings", Chapter in: Sculpting the Architectural Mind, Neuroscience and the Education of an Architect, edited by Ralph S. Steenblik, Routledge Press, London, UK.
  6. (may or may not be included) "Borders in Architecture and Urban Design: Science Explains How Life is Influenced by Physical Boundaries", guest lecture at the seminar Architecture and Cities in Transition, Tampere Design and Architecture Week, Tampere, Finland, 2 September 2016.
  7. Conclusion and Bibliography, ArchNewsNow, 7 April 2015.

 

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EIGHT CITY TYPES. A book on urbanism being put together from existing articles.

Eight city types and their interactions, 76-page book-length article. Expanded from a Keynote speech, 11th International Congress on Virtual Cities and Territories, Krakow, Poland, 6-8 July 2016. To be published in Technical Transactions – Architecture, Politechnica Krakowska, Poland HERE in 2017. The 8 City Types, summary published in Realty Plus Magazine, Volume 12, Issue 6, December 2016, pages 74-78.

Geometry and life of urban space (with Pietro Pagliardini), Chapter in: Back to the Sense of the City, 11th Virtual City & Territory International Monograph Book, Centre of Land Policy and Valuations (Centre de Política de Sòl i Valoracions), Barcelona, Spain, pages 13-31. Republished by Architexturez, 2016.

The Law of Requisite Variety and the Built Environment, Journal of Biourbanism, 2016.

Beauty, Life, and the Geometry of the Environment, Harvard University's Center for Hellenic Studies, October 2010.

 

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P2P URBANISM, book draft available for free download, 2011: 116 pages. (Not yet available in printed form!) Includes the long chapter: SOCIALLY-ORGANIZED HOUSING: A NEW APPROACH TO URBAN STRUCTURE (co-authored with David Brain, Andrés M. Duany, Michael W. Mehaffy & Ernesto Philibert-Petit). Evidence-based optimal practices are developed for social housing. Our solution combines owner participation in design and construction with a new type of project administration. Solutions towards long-term sustainability help to attach residents to their built environment. At the same time, we analyze the failures of the standard social housing typologies favored by governments around the world. This book has an entry in the AboutUs wiki. Comments by Michel Bauwens, posting a section of the book on the P2P Foundation wiki and also HERE.
ITALIAN VERSION of a portion of this chapter published in: Bioarchitettura, No. 56, maggio 2009, pagine 52-59.
SPANISH VERSION of this chapter: Vivenda Social en Latino-América will be published in Mexico by the Tecnológico de Monterrey Press.
PORTUGUESE VERSION of this chapter: Habitação social na América Latina: uma metodologia para utilizar processos de auto-organização, published in three parts in the journal URBE -- Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3.

 

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PART III: CONTRIBUTED CHAPTERS IN BOOKS (listed alphabetically by book title)

 

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(Book Chapter)

BIOPHILIC DESIGN: THE THEORY, SCIENCE AND PRACTICE OF BRINGING BUILDINGS TO LIFE, edited by Stephen R. Kellert, Judith Heerwagen, and Martin Mador, John Wiley, New York (2008). Chapter 5, "Neuroscience, the Natural Environment, and Building Design" (co-authored with Kenneth G. Masden), pages 59-83. Part of our perceptive system looks for information, whereas another part looks for meaning, thus giving rise to cultural, philosophical, and ideological constructs. Architects have come to operate in this second domain almost exclusively, which was not so in the past. Biophilia is helping to shape a new adaptive and sustainable design movement. Through Biophilic design, a new effort is made to reconnect human beings to the buildings and places they inhabit.
*2008 American Publishers Award*. "I think [Biophilic Design] is one of the most important design books ever written, not just in the decade." -- Cheryl Charles.

An early draft of this chapter is available HERE.  

 

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(Book Chapter)

COMPLEXITY THEORIES OF CITIES HAVE COME OF AGE, J. Portugali, H. Meyer, E. Stolk & E. Tan, Editors, Springer, Berlin (2012). Chapter 13, "Urbanism as Computation", pages 247-270. Simple geometrical criteria are introduced for judging whether urban fabric is adaptive or not. These show that horizontal sprawl is computationally equivalent to skyscrapers, and that both of these typologies are non-adaptive. Adaptive urban typologies are precisely those found in traditional urbanism. Furthermore, the "design urbanism" interventions of starchitects are revealed to be mathematically random and therefore anti-urban.

An early draft of my chapter is available HERE.

 

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(Book Chapter)

GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF URBAN STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS , Bin Jiang and Xiaobai Angela Yao, Editors, Springer, New York (2010). Chapter 17, "Geospatial Analysis and Living Urban Geometry" (co-authored with Pietro Pagliardini and Sergio Porta), pages 331-353. We use GIS (Geographical Information Systems) technologies beyond their original representational domain, towards predictive and dynamic spatial models. This defines the new discipline of "urban seeding". We condemn the high rise tower block as an unsuitable typology, and propose to re-establish human-scale urban fabric that resembles the traditional living city.

An early draft of my chapter is available HERE.

 

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(Book Chapter)

IN PURSUIT OF A LIVING ARCHITECTURE: Continuing Christopher Alexander's Quest for a Humane and Sustainable Building Culture, edited by Kyriakos Pontikis and Yodan Rofè, Common Ground Publishing, Champaign, Illinois (2016). Chapter 2, "Architecture in the Making: Intelligence-based Design" (co-authored with Kenneth Masden), pages 30-49. Pre-industrial buildings typically carry within their designs the information needed to sponsor a sense of wellbeing by engaging human intelligence. This is necessary in a human-based and naturally sustainable architecture. But the modern education of students of architecture continues to suffer from a reductive way of thinking.

 

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(Book Chapter)

KALEIDOSCOPE CITY: REFLECTIONS ON PLANNING AND LONDON, Jonathan Manns, Editor, RTPI Press, London (2014). Chapter 4.3, "A Future Without Starchitects", pages 123-131.

My chapter is available online HERE.

 

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(Book Chapter)

NEW URBANISM AND BEYOND, Tigran Haas, Editor, Rizzoli, New York (2008). Chapter 10.2, "Growing Sustainable Suburbs: An Incremental Strategy for Reconstructing Sprawl" (co-authored with Michael W. Mehaffy and Lucien Steil), pages 262-274. A new way of understanding the growth of urban form leads to practical suggestions for reconstructing a more sustainable suburbia. Combining "top-down" controls with "bottom-up" processes offers guidelines for implementing small-scale changes that eventually lead to large-scale improvements.

Excerpt from our chapter is available HERE.

 

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(Book Chapter)

RECLAIMING BEAUTY, Volume I, Agnes Horvath & James B. Cuffe, Editors, Ficino Press, Cork, Ireland (2012). Chapter 2, "Beauty, Life, and the Geometry of the Environment", pages 63-103. Moving towards sustainability and a greater understanding of how human life is connected to the earth's ecosystem goes beyond mechanistic notions. The geometry of the natural and traditional built environments is responsible, to a large extent, for the quality of human life. The most healing environments embody traditional design techniques that themselves arose from imitating nature. This discovery validates older architectural typologies as ultimately healing, which should not be rejected in the interest of achieving novelty. An added benefit is energy sustainability, since traditional methods of design and planning necessarily had to be sustainable.

An earlier version of my chapter is available HERE.

 

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(Book Chapter)

Rethinking Modernism and the Built Environment, edited by Almantas Samalavicius, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK (2017). Chapter 9, "Revisiting and Rethinking Contemporary Urban Design", pages 84-92.

 

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(Book Chapter)

SHIFTING SENSE -- LOOKING BACK TO THE FUTURE IN SPATIAL PLANNING, edited by Edward Hulsbergen, Ina Klaasen & Iwan Kriens, Techne Press, Amsterdam (2005). Chapter 20, "Towards a New Urban Philosophy: The Case of Athens", pages 265-280.

A version of this chapter is available HERE but without the illustrations.

 

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(Book Chapter)

T3XTURE No. 3: Pattern is Maddening, edited by Lynda Burke, Randy Sovich & Craig Purcell, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (2017). Chapter 1, "The Patterns of Architecture", pages 7-24.

 

PART IV: BOOKS IN ITALIAN

 

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ANTI-ARCHITECTURE AND DECONSTRUCTION. ITALIAN VERSION: Antiarchitettura e Demolizione, Libreria Editrice Fiorentina, Florence, Italy, 2007. Buy from any major bookstore in Italy.

 

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NO ALLE ARCHISTAR: IL MANIFESTO CONTRO LE AVANGUARDIE, Libreria Editrice Fiorentina, Firenze, 2009: 352 pages. Book available only in Italian. Describes how a starchitect culture has displaced architecture on the human scale, and has made the current pool of working architects both irrelevant and unemployable. Includes chapters on ecophobia, skyscrapers, biophilia, geometrical fundamentalism, and an interview with Léon Krier. Since its publication, this book has influenced italian politics. Available from all major italian bookstores. Comments in italian by Pietro Pagliardini and others on Archiwatch (January 2009).

SPANISH VERSION: Chapter 11 (another version HERE), Chapter 15.

 

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